First Aid
BURNS | ELECTRIC SHOCK | EXTERNAL BLEEDING | NOSTRIL BLEEDING | EYE INJURY | HEART ATTACK | POISONOUS EFFECT | EXCESS HEAT | FRACTURE
On Burns
  • Remove tight clothing & objects.
  • Pour cold water on it. Do not use ice or any kind of scrubbing.
  • If cloths are still burning, cover the person with thick blanket.
  • Cover the burned skin with fresh clean cloth.
  • If there is delay in medical treatment, apply some antiseptic powder or lotion.
  • Apply some honey or aloe vera juice or apply mustard oil & sprinkle any flour or 'maida'.
  • Never apply any greasy ointments except antibiotic ointments.
  • Clean only with Plain water.
  • Ensure that the cooling process does not become excessive and cause shivering.
  • Do not break blisters.
Electric Shock
  • It is urgent that the casualty be disconnected from the electrical source, either by
    1. Turn off power supply,
    2. Disconnecting plug from outlet,
    3. Isolating electric supply at the main power board.
    4. Isolating victim from electric supply by non-conducting material like wooden stick, rubber gloves, dry cloth etc.
  • Do not touch victim's skin before electric source is disconnected.
  • Be ready with water or other conducting material.
  • Clean the affected body area with antiseptics.
  • Keep the victim warm & calm.
External Bleeding
  • Lay the casualty down to prevent fainting.
  • First press firmly over the wound with clean pad, than clean the affected area with antiseptic lotion.
  • Apply turmeric or partly burned cotton.
  • Apply a firm bandage to hold the pad in place
  • Check circulation regularly to ensure bandage is not too tight.
  • If the wound is on the head, neck, arm or leg and there is no suspected fracture, elevate it to a level above the heart to help
  • stop the bleeding.
  • Application of ice directly over bleeding is also helpful.
  • When bleeding has stopped, immobilize the injured portion of the body
Nostril Bleeding
  • Sit or stand upright to slow the flow of blood in the veins of the nose. Do not tip your head back.
  • Pinch your nose with your thumb and forefinger for 10 minutes without relieving pressure. Breathe through your mouth during this time.
  • Place cotton ball inside the nostril and hold it there, at the same time keep applying the pressure outside the nostril for 5 minutes.
  • Put a cotton plug soaked in liquid paraffin in the nostrils.
  • Put ice pack over the bridge of the nose.
Eye Injury
  • Avoid excessive movement of injured eye.
  • Water the eye and wash the object out.
  • If this fails, touch the corner of a clean wet cloth to the object and lift it off the surface.
  • Avoid 'pushing' the object around the eye's surface.
Heart Attack
  • Keep the victim in position of maximum comfort, if he has difficulty in breathing do not force him to lie down.
  • Loosen his clothes and do not attempt to lift or carry him.
  • Keep him calm and reassure him that help is underway.
  • Do not give him anything to drink.
  • You may also give ABC - Airway, Breathing & Circulation first aid treatment.
Poisonous Effect
  • Allow bite to bleed freely for few seconds.
  • If victim is alert give some liquid to drink which will slows down the rate of poison absorb by the body.
  • If victim is unconscious, weak, do not give anything by mouth.
  • Certain poisons should not be vomited, so if you are unaware of substance's identity do not induce vomiting.
  • An alternative method to induce vomiting is touching the back of the throat of the person to initiate gagging.
  • Another method is give the victim a glass of warm water containing 1 teaspoon of dried mustard or 3 teaspoons of salt.
  • After the person has vomited, give a glass of water or milk.
  • If poison has spilled on person's clothing, skin, eye etc flush that with lukewarm water for 20 minutes.
  • To cure insect bite use baking soda and water to break down the poison and decrease the pain. Tea bags or household ammonia and water solution diluted 1:1 may also help or
  • Apply ice or cold compresses and give acetaminophen or ibuprofen for pain.
  • Seek urgent medical aid for following symptoms:-
    Intense itching, paleness, sweating, difficulty swallowing, hoarseness, breathing trouble, swelling of face, lips.
Excess Heat
  • Give cool water, fruit juice etc…
  • Move Victim to a cool place.
  • Cover the victim with cool, wet towel.
  • Give water sprays & fanning.
Fracture, Sprains
  • As a first aid remember 'P-R-I-C-E' i.e.
    P - Protect: support injured area with magazine, newspaper, stick etc…..
    R - Rest: Provide appropriate time for healing.
    I - Ice: Put ice on injury to reduce swelling.
    C - Compression: Elastic bandage help to reduce pain.
    E - Elevation: Try to raise the injured limb above the level of the heart with a sling or pillows.

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