For centuries the term "Jat" has been used to describe a multitude of groups with different cultural and ethnic background living in parts of northern India and Pakistan. The Jats who live in Kutch are particularly conscious of their identity as a group and their sense of unity comes from a perception of shared historical traditional and a belief in common ancestry.

Jats have migrated from Baluchistan. Chain and inverted chain stitches along with interlacing and button hole stitches are common in their embroidery. Mirrors of small dimension are inset with great care.

Next to embroidery, quilting is the most important textile technique used by Jats. It is employed in making thick quilted mattresses, quilts, and bags. The same designs are used for quilts by all three communities. The top side of the quilt is pieced and on the other side squares of brightly coloured fabric are attached to the white background fabric only by the quilting threads. Quilting patterns are dictated by tradition, and the lines of stitches usually follow the square or rectangular form of the quilt or bag. The bag quilted with a pattern of concentric circles, is a rare example of individual creative expression. The Jatsuse applique to decorate the edges of bags and inserted bands in their bolster-like pillows.